Tuesday, November 25, 2014
Describe the first few centuries of the development of Christianity. How was Christianity transformed from a Jewish cult into the official religion of the Roman empire? What were some of the earliest divisions in the new church? How did the early church deal with individuals who existed outside the normal ecclesiastical structure?
The Byzantine Emperor Justinianian had a long reign that included many accomplishments? What were these accomplishments, who were some of the important individuals that Justinian relied on for support, and what were some of the long term effects?
The crusades marked not just the beginning of an attempt by Western Europeans to conquer the ‘Holy Lands’ in the East, but also the formation of a persecuting society? What is meant by this and how did it manifest over the centuries of crusading?
Explain the classical revival that took place in Italy during the period historians refer to as the Renaissance. What were some of the effects on art, politics, and the economy.
Explain the economic expansion that took place in Europe during the between 900 and 1300 of the common era.
How did the political makeup of Europe in 1500 C.E. differ from that in 1300 C.E.?
Explain how the Black Death of the 14th century changed the economics of Western Europe. Describe the changes for specific groups, i.e.: the poor in urban or rural areas and members of the nobility, and the merchant class.
Explain the causes and major events of the Hundred Years War. Why do some historians refer to the end of this conflict as “the end of the middle ages”?
What are some of the reasons that historians believe there was more class conflict and religious conflict after the Black Death of the 1350s and 1360s?
Five Pillars of Islam
Bernard of Clairvaux
Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy
Joan of Arc
What were some of the social, economic, and political changes that occurred in England in the 19th century that may have contributed to their ability to avoid the unrest on the continent?
Germany suffered from decentralization and disunity for most of its history. How did the Prussian kingdom manage to unify Germany in the 19th century?
Industrialization brought rapid and widespread change to Europe. What were some of the positive and negative aspects of these changes?
1870 saw a resurgence in imperialism and the establishment of European colonies throughout the world. What were some of the reasons that colonialism had fallen out of favor in the years between the fall of Napoleon and 1870? What were some of the reasons that both supporters and critics claimed caused this resurgence?
The Russian Revolution of 1917 led to the withdrawal of the nation from the First World War. What were the consequences of Russia leaving the war for themselves, the Western Allies, and the Central Powers?
Looking back over the events of the first four decades of the twentieth century, explain some of the major events that are considered to have led to the outbreak of the Second World War.
Why did the depression that began in the U.S. in 1929 have such rapid and profound effects on European economies?
What were some of the reasons that totatalitarian systems of government seemed appealing to so many individuals in the first half of the twentieth century?
Describe the political geography of Europe in the years after the defeat of the Nazi regime in Germany.
Congress of Vienna
Otto von Bismark
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Treaty of Locarno
Saturday, January 5, 2008
Friday, January 4, 2008
Thursday, January 3, 2008
Memoirs Of The Comtesse Du Barry, with minute details of her entire career as favorite of Louis XV. Written by herself
This is a link through the Gutenbug Project to the full text of this book.
Wednesday, January 2, 2008
The Augsburg Confession
Martin Luther: Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants
Martin Luther: On the Jews and their Lies (excerpts for class discussion)
Martin Luther: On the Jews and Their Lies (Full Text)
Tuesday, January 1, 2008
Friday, December 28, 2007
Monday, August 27, 2007
Thursday, August 23, 2007
King Louis the XIV revocted the edict in 1685, less than 100 years after his grandfather Henry IV had proclaimed it.
Galileo's letter of 1614 to the Grand Duchess Christina Duchess of Tuscany was not widely known, and was ignored by Church authorities. When a year later the Carmelite provincial Paolo Foscarini supported Galileo publicly by attempting to prove that the new theory was not opposed to Scripture, Cardinal Robert Bellarmine, as "Master of Controversial Questions," responded.
Nicholas Copernicus was born February 19, 1473, in Poland. He entered the University of Krakow in 1491, then in 1495 went to Padua and studied medicine. In 1500 he was called to Rome and took the chair of mathematics there. He began to believe that the earth went round the sun about 1507 and from that time until his death worked, more or less intermittently, on his exposition of his theory. He delayed the publication of this exposition because of fear of being accused of heresy. Copernicus died May 24, 1543, just as his book was published. The knowledge of the time was not sufficient to prove his theory; his great argument for it was from its simplicity as compared to the epicycle hypothesis.